AskDefine | Define telamon

Dictionary Definition

telamon n : a figure of a man used as a supporting column [syn: atlas] [also: telamones (pl)]

Extensive Definition

In Greek mythology, Telamon (in Greek, Τελαμών), son of the king Aeacus, of Aegina, and Endeis and brother of Peleus, accompanied Jason as one his Argonauts, and was present at the hunt for the Calydonian Boar. He was the father of Greek hero "Great" Ajax in the Illiad (And father of Teucer the Archer though they both had different mothers). He and Peleus were also close friends with Heracles, assisting him on his expeditions against the Amazons and against Troy (see below).
After killing their half-brother, Phocus, Telamon and Peleus had to leave Aegina. King Cychreus of Salamis welcomed Telamon and befriended him. Telamon married his daughter Periboea, who gave birth to Ajax. Later, Cychreus gave Telamon his kingdom. In other versions of the myth Cychreus' daughter is named Glauce, and Periboea is Telamon's second wife, and the daughter of Alcathous. Telamon also figures in both versions of Heracles' sacking of Troy, which was ruled by King Laomedon (or Tros in the alternate versions). Before the Trojan War, Poseidon sent a sea monster to attack Troy.
In the King Tros version, Heracles (along with Telamon and Oicles) agreed to kill the monster if Tros would give him the horses he received from Zeus as compensation for Zeus' kidnapping Ganymede, Tros' son. Tros agreed; Heracles succeeded and Telamon married Hesione, Tros' daughter, giving birth to Teucer by her. In the King Laomedon version, Laomedon planned on sacrificing his daughter Hesione to Poseidon in the hope of appeasing him. Heracles rescued her at the last minute and killed both the monster and Laomedon and Laomedon's sons, except for Ganymede, who was on Mt. Olympus, and Podarge, who saved his own life by giving Heracles a golden veil Hesione had made. Telamon took Hesione as a war prize and married her, and she gave birth to Teucer by him.

Other uses

  • In architecture, a telamon (plural telamones or telamons) is a sculpted support or column in the form of a man, the male equivalent of a caryatid. Such a sculptural support is better known as an atlas (plural atlantes).


telamon in Breton: Telamon
telamon in Bulgarian: Теламон
telamon in Catalan: Telamó
telamon in Czech: Telamón
telamon in German: Telamon
telamon in Spanish: Telamón
telamon in Persian: تلامون
telamon in French: Télamon
telamon in Galician: Telamón
telamon in Italian: Telamone (mitologia)
telamon in Hebrew: טלאמון
telamon in Japanese: テラモーン
telamon in Polish: Telamon (mitologia)
telamon in Portuguese: Télamon
telamon in Russian: Теламон (мифология)
telamon in Finnish: Telamon
telamon in Ukrainian: Теламон
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